The science and practice of pediatric cardiology involves the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease, abnormalities of the conduction system, and acquired disorders of the heart. Salient to every element of the practice is the ability to communicate effectively with patients and families. Often, the pediatric cardiologist establishes the physician–patient relationship during fetal development and continues through childhood and into adulthood. Indeed, the fastest growing population of patients in many pediatric cardiology practices are adults who were born with congenital heart disease. Advanced fellowship training for pediatric cardiologists and adult medicine cardiologists now seek to develop clinical experts in the care of adults with congenital heart disease. This should come as no surprise, as the advances in diagnostic imaging techniques, understanding of cardiogenetics, and results from interventional catheterization and surgical procedures have greatly improved patient outcomes and survival in recent decades.
We provide users of this guide with a practical, accurate, and timely approach to the care of patients who present to a pediatric cardiologist, whether it be in the hospital, an emergency ambulatory center, or an outpatient clinic. We hope that you will find this guide useful in your education and practice.
This rotation guide covers the following five domains of pediatric cardiology, and the content is organized according to an age-based, developmental approach (fetal, neonatal [birth to 1 month], infancy [1 month to 2 years], childhood [2 to 12 years], and adolescence [12 to <16 years]) that is consistent with the general approach to medical problems in pediatrics.
Other important topics related to cardiology are covered in the following rotation guides:
This rotation guide was developed by a collaborative team of contributors including:
Writers: Chandni Patel, MD and M. Abigail Simmons, MD
Peer Reviewers: Adam Langenfeld, MD; Kurt Bjorkman, MD; Tanya Murtha, MD; Andrea Otero-Luna, MD; Michael Kim, MD; Timothy Rogers, MD; Nina Morgan, MD; Robert Trevino, MD; Matthew Erlich, MD; and Helen Padden, MD
Editor: Alan Friedman, MD (Section Expert); Michele Spencer-Manzon, MD (Cardiogenetics)
Senior Editor: Julie Ingelfinger, MD
Last Updated: September 2020 by Chandni Patel, MD, and M. Abigail Simmons, MD