The diseases in hematology separate broadly into nonmalignant and malignant conditions, with some overlap with the field of oncology. Many of the nonmalignant hematologic disorders occur in the context of hospitalization and treatment (e.g., transfusion reactions, venous thromboembolism, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia) and are essential for internal medicine residents to understand. As you will likely treat many patients who have concurrent hematologic malignancies, this rotation guide contains a brief overview of those.
This rotation guide is divided into the following sections:
See the Oncology rotation guide for an overview of common complications of chemotherapy, superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS).
For a brief history of hematology, click here.
This rotation guide was developed by a collaborative team of contributors, including:
Writers: James O’Connell, MB MSc; Ahmad Zaheen, MD MSc; Ramya Ramaswami MBBS MRCP (UK) MPH; Andrea Merrill, MD (NEJM Fellows)
Peer Reviewers: Tem Bendapudi, MD; Ariela Marshall, MD; Alex Herrera, MD; Bhavna Seth, MD; and Hanny Al-Samkari, MD
Section Expert: Dan Longo, MD
Senior Editor: Ole-Petter Hamnvik, MB BCh BAO, MMSc
Last Updated: March 2021 by James O’Connell, MB MSc