Question special

One major risk in current practice is using just the headline (i.e. "1 in 6 patients admitted with syncope are diagnosed with PE) rather than truly understanding the whole paper (inclusion and exclusion, demographics of patient population, etc). As doctors and teachers, how can we ensure that we, our colleagues, and our trainees appropriately scrutinize each of these studies and apply the findings only if the patient is truly the right one in whom to apply the study results?