Question special

While data is lacking on patient outcomes with trainee involvement, it may be worth brainstorming how outcomes can be improved when residents are involved and properly trained. Many residents feel there is a tenuous balance between faculty involvement/supervision and autonomy that impacts long-term trainee skill acquisition in the operating room.

What are some potential strategies, inside the operating room, to improve patient outcomes while ensuring resident surgeons are getting adequate training?

Also, if becoming a better surgeon requires practice in the operating room and individualized feedback, how does silence in the operating room affect this?