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The iCOMPARE study reported high or moderate scores of burnout between 69% and 79% depending on the sub scale. This seems dangerously high if we want to continue training compassionate and functional physicians. A study of surgical residents (Elmore LC, Jeffe DB, Jin L, et al., National Survey of Burnout among US General Surgery Residents. JACS 2016, 223 (3):440-51.) showed a similarly distressing level of 69% which increased significantly with increasing work hours. In the EU, residents are mandated to work only 48 hours/week and in the US airline pilots are mandated to work only 60 hours/week. Taken with the data from the Lockley and Landrigan studies, How will decreasing resident work hours help with resident burnout, if at all? Should we be doing the same for attendings?