Dr. Baxter received her MD from University of Toronto in 1990. She trained in surgery at the University of Toronto and completed a PhD in Clinical Epidemiology through the Surgical Scientist Program at University of Toronto in 1998. She undertook fellowship training in Colorectal Surgery at the Mayo Clinic in 2001.
Dr. Baxter worked as an Assistant Professor in Surgery at the University of Minnesota until 2005, when she returned to the University of Toronto where she is on faculty as an Associate Professor in the Department of Surgery at St. Michael's Hospital and holds a cross appointment to the Department of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation. She has extensive experience with the use of large databases for studying cancer including cancer registry and administrative data from Canada and the United States. Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, investigating non-oncologic factors influencing care, the evaluation of cancer screening and determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors.